The AAO recommends an orthodontic evaluation at 7 years old in order to identify any of these problems early on and begin the proper course of treatment.
One of the most common problems that orthodontic treatment addresses is Malocclusion. Malocclusion is the misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth and the jaw; when the teeth and jaw do not fit together properly. Typically, the cause is a genetic one, however it could also arise from thumb or finger sucking, spacing, gum disease or tooth decay.
Types of Orthodontic Problems
Crossbite– When the upper teeth sit under the lower teeth (which can cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth)
Crowding– This occurs when the teeth do not have sufficient room. Typically this can be corrected with expansion thus eliminating the need for extractions.
Misaligned Dental Midlines– When the back bite does not fit and match the way it is supposed to
Overbite– The upper jaw extends out, causing the lower front teeth to sit behind the top front teeth
Protrusion– Upper teeth extending too far forward or lower teeth not extending far enough forward
Underbite– The lower jaw extends out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the top front teeth
Wide Spacing– Can be caused by missing teeth or can solely be a cosmetic issue
Check out our gallery of Beautiful Smiles to see some examples!